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Can We Solve the Conflict? - Steps for a Peaceful Resolution

Conflict is an inherent part of human nature, shaping our interactions and relationships, and it can even be a catalyst for personal growth and positive change when managed effectively. In this lesson, Grade 4 and Grade 5 students will understand the nature of conflict and learn some steps and strategies to resolve disagreements peacefully. By teaching them these essential skills, we empower them to navigate the complexities of human interactions, foster empathy, and contribute to a more harmonious and inclusive society.


  • Students will gain a clear understanding of what conflict is and recognize its various forms and sources.

  • Students will learn to distinguish between helpful and unhelpful strategies in conflict resolution.

  • Students will get familiar with a structured four-step process for effectively resolving conflicts.


Starter/Warm-up (10 minutes)

Begin the lesson by talking about a recent disagreement with a friend, family member, colleague, etc, to illustrate the main topic of this lesson.

Initiate a brainstorming activity centered around the word "conflict." Encourage students to contribute related words, examples, and emotions associated with conflicts.

Main activities

- What is a conflict? (10 minutes): Provide a definition of conflict ("A conflict is when there is a disagreement or when things don't match or work well together.") (slide 2). Use relatable examples to illustrate this definition.

Next, facilitate an interactive learning activity with a list of true or false statements about conflicts (slide 3). Encourage students to discuss and debate the sentences, fostering critical thinking and active participation in the learning process.

- How to solve a conflict? (20 minutes): Introduce the concept of conflict resolution (slide 4), emphasizing its importance in managing and resolving conflicts.

Present a comprehensive list of helpful and unhelpful choices when it comes to resolving conflicts (slide 5). Engage students in a discussion about why certain approaches are beneficial while others may exacerbate the situation.

Explain the 5-step conflict resolution process (slide 6), providing clear explanations for each step.

Divide the students into small groups, and provide each group with a scenario card that contains a conflict situation. Students will work collaboratively to apply the 5-step conflict resolution process to address the issues presented in their assigned scenario.

Closure (5 minutes)

- Summarize the main points of the lesson, including the definition of conflict, the differentiation between helpful and unhelpful conflict resolution strategies, and the 5-step conflict resolution process.

- Emphasize the value of conflict resolution skills and how they can positively impact their relationships, both within the classroom and in their personal lives. Reinforce the idea that these skills are not just for managing conflicts but for fostering understanding and improving communication.

- Encourage students to make connections between the lesson content and their everyday experiences. Ask them to consider how the skills they've learned can be applied to resolve conflicts in their lives, whether with friends, family, or others.

Follow-up activities

- Conflict Resolution Role Models: Assign students to research and present a project on a historical or contemporary figure known for their effective conflict resolution skills. In their presentations, students should discuss the life and work of their chosen role model, highlighting specific examples of how they applied conflict resolution strategies to resolve major conflicts or promote peace.

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